As the Vikings set about their business, they come across a mosque in which Muslims are praying. Mvslim According to historian Jonathan Clements, the Vikings left the Muslim world alone after the 1041 expedition of Ingvar the Far-Travelled, who was defeated in the Caucasus. The account written by Ibn Fadlan about his 921–922 travels from Baghdad to the capital of the Bulghar kingdom gives details which can reveal the cultural interaction between the two groups. In an interview with the BBC, Larsson suggested that some of those in the Scandinavian graves were Muslim. '” The amnesia, he continues, “affects the minds of present and future generations and distorts their attitudes and perceptions of the role of other cultures, particularly Muslim, in building the present civilization.” It should be noted, however, that both the Vikings and Muslims had interacted with civilizations and gained knowledge from these interactions. In the journal Scanning, researchers recount how they used a scanning electron microscope to investigate the origins of the ring. The ring is made of silver alloy and colored glass with an inscription in Cufic Arabic. Areeha Akhter The ring could have been war spoil or a gift. The Moorish poet and diplomate al-Gazal is one of the few Arabs who gave a description of what must be nowadays Scandinavia. However, this is another proof of how huge and impressive the Abassid Caliphate must have been. The inscription is translated as “for/to Allah”. In Seville, the Vikings looted and captured prisoners to be sold off as slaves. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! We’ve known for a long time that the Vikings had rich interactions with the Islamic world, and this should have been just one more story in that larger saga, she said. “The Vikings in Spain, North Africa and the Mediterranean.” by Stefan Brink and Neil Price, In The Viking World, 465. Larsson has also found the names “Allah” and “Ali” on at least 10 of the nearly 100 pieces of fabric she examined, and they always appear together. This empire had contact with different cultures around the world, such as the Indians and Chinese in the east, and the Byzantines in the west, which led to the establishment of trade networks between Asia, Africa and Europe. June 26, 2019, 2:53 pm, by The town is poorly off for goods and wealth… Women have the right to declare themselves divorced: they part with their husbands whenever they like.”, Other accounts, such as Al-Masudi’s Meadows of Gold, written in 943, and Al-Mukaddasi’s The Best Organization of Knowledge of the Regions, composed around 945, were briefer in their mentions of the Vikings, “but collectively they were all trailblazers in what was then the flourishing field of Islamic geography, a response to the thirst for knowledge about the vast Islamic world and the regions beyond it.”, Arab scholars of the time used the name Al-Madjus as a way to describe the Vikings as they perceived them. Al-Tartushi relates: “They hold a festival where they assemble to honor their god and eat and drink. The conversion of Vikings to Islam is a topic touched upon by the 16th century Muslim geographer, Amin Razi, who stated that: “… [The Vikings] highly valued pork. “Almost in every subject taught in school, there exists a jump from the Greeks to the Renaissance, usually referred to as the ‘Dark Ages. Anyone who slaughters an animal by way of sacrifice has a palisade (or pole) outside his house door and hangs the sacrificed animal there, whether it be ox or ram, he-goat or boar, so that people may know that he makes sacrifice in honor of his god. Others have speculated that the Viking woman might have been a convert to Islam. The Andalusian diplomatic mission was led by the renowned poet, Al-Ghazali, who had earlier been sent as a diplomat from Umayyad Cordoba to the Byzantine Emperor Theophilus (829-842). The History channel’s original drama television series – Vikings – is one of my favorite programs. Change ). Al-Ghazili allegedly brought gifts for the Viking king, but the gesture did not have its intended impact. The discovery raises new questions about the historic place of Islam in Scandinavia. After the defeat, the Vikings preferred instead to serve as mercenaries, or trade in valuable commodities such as slaves. ( Log Out /  Get the best content delivered straight into your inbox! Even though it is not clear why he was sent there, al-Gazal reports about an island or peninsula which might be the court of King Horik I, the King of the Danes. Before sacking Seville, the Vikings sacked Cadiz, Lisbon and Medina Sidonia. Researchers in Sweden have recently found Arabic Kufic script woven into clothing from Viking boat graves dating to the 9th and 10th century. In the modern-era, as the Washington Post notes, Scandinavian countries have become known for their sometimes awkward embrace of migrants from the “Muslim world.” But the history behind that relationship goes back far further than many people might expect, as this post explores. 32 Inspirational and Motivational Islamic Quotes To Help You Understand How, 9 Poems That Prove Ancient Arabs Were The Best Valentines Ever, 12 Celebrities You Didn’t Know Were Pro-Palestine, 10 Things You Use Every Day That Are Invented by Muslims, 7 Famous People You Probably Didn’t Know Are Palestinian, Mvslim Spotlights: Malikah Gender Justice Summit, Bangladeshi teen wins the International Children’s Peace Prize for Anti-bullying App, When Culture and Religion Meet Jewelry: ZUDO, Halima Aden: ‘If I Continued Down This Path, I Would’ve Definitely Lost My Hijab Completely’, Mvslim Picks: Top 6 Muslim Podcasts of 2020. In one of his accounts about his travels he describes “Schleswig”, i.e. As the Washington Post notes, the researchers discovered that the stone in the ring is actually colored glass – at the time an exotic material for the Vikings, though it had been made for thousands of years in the Middle East and North Africa. ( Log Out /  The Volga Vikings appear as traders who set up a camp on the river banks. With these early accounts of Vikings expeditions, it is very likely they had interactions with the Islamic world. Wow! Sumaya El-Zaher Another major breakthrough came several years ago when researchers found a female tomb revealed at the historic trading center of Birka, Sweden. Assia Loutfi But the story struck a chord because it builds on accurate scholarship that shows that the Viking era included extensive contact with the Islamic world as well as other distant locales. Al-Majdus translates to “a culture of fire worshipers.” The 13th century historian Ibn Said stated, “nothing seems more important to them than fire, for the cold in their lands is severe.”. The Vikings and The Islamic World Series (3 Book Series) by Farhat A. Hussain. (CNN) —An ancient ring has shed new light on the ties between Vikings and the Islamic world, more than a century after its discovery. It is surely not the question if there was interaction between the Islamic World and the Vikings, it is just not clear if their relationship was purely for trade or if some of them converted to Islam. October 2, 2020, 2:44 pm, by The Vikings & The Islamic World: Volume 2 (The Vikings and The Islamic World Series) eBook: Hussain, Farhat A.: Amazon.co.uk: Kindle Store Select Your Cookie Preferences We use cookies and similar tools to enhance your shopping experience, to provide our services, understand how customers use our services so we can make improvements, and display ads. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Bronze vessels, Cufic coins, costumes and costume accessories, as well as glass vessels, beads, balances and weights found mostly in Sweden are proof of contact with the Arab world. This empire had contact with different cultures around the world, such as the Indians and Chinese in the east, and the Byzantines in the west, which led to the establishment of trade networks between Asia, Africa and Europe. The Vikings had extensive contact with the Muslim world, as they traveled widely on their raids and expeditions. Similarly to Muslim merchants throughout history, Vikings were interested in trading and collecting commodities such as silver, furs, honey, leather, ivory and fish. ( Log Out /  The Vikings and The Islamic World Series (3 book series) Kindle Edition Loubna Khalkhali Ibn Fadlan’s experience is documented in Risala. Information about their relationship has been found in Arabic written sources and through the discovery of Arabic artefacts in Scandinavia. Hedeby, an important Viking Age trading settlement. She became interested in the forgotten fragments after realizing the material had come from Central Asia, Persia and China. It is well-known among researchers that the Vikings, those Scandinavian warriors who roamed the seas between the 9th and 11th centuries, made contact with the Islamic world. The ring is made of silver alloy and colored glass with an inscription in Cufic Arabic. by Muslim Doctors Opened a Completely Free Clinic for the Poor in Toledo, Justin Trudeau Visits Quebec Mosque On Shooting Anniversary: “They Inspire us With Their Strength”, Islam and Scandinavia during the Viking Age, The Abbasid Dynasty: The Golden Age of Islamic Civilization, No, Europe’s “Enlightenment” Doesn’t Mean It’s Superior to Other Parts of the World, Fasting for the First Time? Sumeyye Copoglu When people typically think about interactions the vikings had with non-vikings, they think of what Christian monks wrote about the "godless" heathens and their spiky "horned hats" (vikings didn't wear horned hats). During the Islamic Golden Age, from the 8th century to the 13th century, the Abbasid Caliphate established one of the largest empires in history. Reconstructed Greenland temperature based on ice core data. ). The Vikings were renowned for sailing the world and covering large distances on both land and sea. Why Are These Viking Burial Clothes Inscribed with Arabic Script? July 6, 2019, 10:11 am, by The Viking and Muslim interactions between the 9th and 12th centuries have been pushed to the margins of modern histories. Sumaya El-Zaher The woman in the grave, who died in the 9th century, was discovered by Swedish archaeologist Hjalmar Stolpe, who spent years excavating the Birka grave sites. Hafsah Dabiri He met the warriors around 921/922 as they travelled across the Russian steppes, sailing their longships down the Volga river and looking to trade with the Arab world. But did you know that there might have been some contact between the Islamic world and the Vikings? Even though the woman in the grave was wearing traditional Scandinavian clothing, it is not possible to identify her ethnicity or religion. This Muslim Astronomer Calculated the Length of the Solar Year Long Before the Use of Telescopes! Though the Dorset (a society of Arctic people ... From “The Viking World” Edited by … November 4, 2020, 2:20 pm, by Afifa Thabet From the 8th to 11th century, their expeditions are said to have extended from Western Europe to Central Asia, at which point they had contact with the “Muslim world.” One of the earliest detailed descriptions of Northern Europe is reported by a Muslim named Ahmad Ibn Fadlan, a 9th/10th century Arab traveler and member of the diplomatic mission of the Abbasid Caliph Al-Muqtadir of Baghdad. Volume 1 includes coverage of field archaeology, various approaches used in this work including the Cultural Interaction Theory and Approach (CITA), the Viking and Islamic World on the eve of contact with one another, early contact between the Vikings and the Islamic world, Muslim and Scandinavian views of one another, the Vikings and Muslim Spain, Muslim Spain’s envoys to the … Interaction with Vikings. Fadlan is famous for his meeting  with a “strange race” he called the “Rusiyyah,” now commonly known as Vikings. Ancient texts tell of encounters between Viking Age Scandavia and the Islamic world, but material evidence supporting the interaction of these two civilizations is rare. The people there adore Sirius, except for few, who are Christian. At the very least, the Vikings appreciated Islamic culture, and did their best to incorporate it into the fabric of their societies. by Popular, by June 9, 2018, 12:31 pm, by Since most of the contacts took place via trade, the relationship was mostly peaceful, but we also have accounts of Viking raids in the Caspian Sea which resemble accounts we have from Europe in a similar period,” says Prof Hraundal Jonsson. The Vikings returned to attack the Iberian peninsula in 859. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Discovered more than a century ago in a Swedish grave, a ring bearing an Arabic inscription confirms contact between the Vikings and the Islamic world. The fourth Emir of Cordoba, Abd al-Rahman II, sent al-Gazal to the king of the ‘Majus’. Historical sources tell us that a fleet of Viking ships raided the Carolingian Empire (800-888) after sailing along the coasts of Bay of Biscay in Northern Spain. ( Log Out /  I'm following the series " Vikings" and the whole Lothbrok saga and their curiosity for the world at that time. Advertisement You Can Still Make the Most of Ramadan! History has it that during the Islamic Golden Age (which is from 8 th century to 13 th century), one of the largest empires was established- Abbasid Caliphate. I absolutely enjoyed the part where the fictional characters visited Sicily and then the Islamic wold the meet an Emir , crossing the desert. The Vikings are said to have created a base there, though the location of the base is still a mystery. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Written by Becky Little. January 26, 2019, 7:32 pm According to Thomas S. Noonan’s book Supply-Side Sustainability, “Viking traders brought Abbasid silver coins in great quantities to Scandinavia; thousands have been found in Russia and the Baltic.” Noonan also highlights that it was a cache of dirhams (coins in Arabic) “that helped fuel the Viking Age.” He claims the dirham to be of such power that it was used as the common currency in Viking cities like York, England and Dublin, Ireland in the 10th and 12th centuries. in History. During the Islamic Golden Age, from the 8 th century to the 13 th century, the Abbasid Caliphate established one of the largest empires in history.. The trade, battles and many other interactions between Muslims and Vikings is reported to have been so intertwined that such discovered artefacts from their day to day lifestyle – whether Vikings converted to Islam or not – should be perceived as commonplace. In one scene he stated that their gods are nowhere to be seen, “yet they’re praying with such passion.”, The Vikings were renowned for sailing the world and covering large distances on both land and sea. Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. ‘Majus’ is another word for fireworshipers and in this instance the Vikings. The discovery was made by archaeologist Annika Larsson of Uppsala University. Other graves and caches of Viking treasure have yielded over 100,000 Islamic silver coins known as dirhams, jewelry bearing Islamic symbols, and bodies bearing DNA from Persia, suggesting intermarriage and immigration (voluntary or otherwise). While the Vikings are perhaps best known for accumulating wealth by plunder, tribute, and conquest, they were also skilled and successful traders.The Vikings developed several trading centres both in Scandinavia and abroad as well as a series of long-distance trading routes during the Viking Age (c. 8th Century AD to 11th Century AD). Vikings and Islamic People. I know that Vikings is based on some facts, but also fictional in … They are described by Ibn Fadlan as having bodies tall as palm trees, with red hair and ruddy skin. Years later, under the reign of Abd ar-Rahman II (822-852), Viking ships sailed up the Guadalquivir River to attack Seville, a main city of Al-Andalus. But new evidence suggests these interactions were greater than previously thought. He also stated they are “the filthiest of all Allah’s creatures… They do not purify themselves after excreting or urinating or wash themselves when in a state of ritual impurity after coitus and do not even wash their hands after food.”, A century later, Al-Tartushi, a merchant from Cordoba, described a Danish market town. Al-Tartushi has also reported about the Vikings around 970. July 29, 2019, 1:10 pm, by The inscription is translated as “for/to Allah”. Researchers have also claimed that the appearance of the ring in Birka shows direct contact between Viking society and the Abbasid Caliphate the once dominated much of the Middle East and North Africa. In this year dire forewarnings came over the land of the Northumbrians, and miserably terrified the people: these were extraordinary whirlwinds and lightnings, and fiery dragons… Sumaya El-Zaher But the most important physical evidence of contact between the Vikings and the Islamic world is the ring found in a grave of a woman near Birka. Two weeks ago, Swedish researcher Annika Larsson of Upssala University announced that she had discovered a thousand year-old Viking textile with ‘Allah’ inscribed on its hem. Built by the Moors, Algeciras is an Islamic society under Muslim rule. Major international media outlets rushed to publish news of Larsson’s supposed discovery. Important collections of Viking material, as well as displays relating to religions and beliefs from all over the world. July 23, 2016, 5:24 pm. More Arab writers who mentioned the Vikings in their works are Ibn Khoradadbeh and Ibn Fadlan. Bede's World . Environment and trade Environment and Trade: Viking Age Between the eighth and eleventh centuries, Vikings not only raided, but traded far and wide. February 19, 2020, 12:20 pm, by Even those who had converted to Islam aspired to it and were very fond of pork.” These Viking Muslim communities would become known for supplying cheese to Spanish cities including Cordoba and Seville. The trade between the Rus and the lands south of the Black and Caspian seas made it possible for cultural interactions to take place between the Rus and the Islamic World. February 25, 2020, 4:25 pm, by November 1, 2017, 12:05 am, by The patterns woven with silk and silver thread spell the words “Allah” and “Ali,” the BBC notes. They have a church there.”. While there is no cut-and-dry declaration that Vikings were actually Muslims, there is evidence that some likely were. The Vikings & The Islamic World book. Following the Vikings’ retreat, Al-Rahman established a navy, the first of its kind in Al-Andalus, and sent diplomats to start peace talks with the Vikings. Ethem Bukey Got something awesome to share with others? There they raided a few settlements before encountering a large force of Asturians under the command of King Ramiro I (790-850). But the most important physical evidence of contact between the Vikings and the Islamic world is the ring found in a grave of a woman near Birka. This Muslim Convert Can Teach You a Thing or Two, Europe’s First ‘Eco Mosque’ Opens for Prayers in Cambridge, Where European and Islamic Culture Meet: the Balkan and its Kind People, The Flowery Journey of Tulips From the Ottoman Empire to Europe. Scholars in Baghdad and other Muslim majority lands, as Ghazanfar discussed, had also given the Vikings a reputation of being “merchant warriors whose primary focus was on trades.” Hugh Kennedy, author of Muslim Spain and Portugal: A Political History of Al-Andalus, wrote that Vikings are said to have converted to Islam and established settlements in southeast Seville, where they became well-known cheese traders. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Hot The tomb had a silver ring with the phrase “for Allah” inscribed on it. Within there are sources of fresh water. “Contacts between Vikings and Arabs/Muslims were both peaceful and violent. “We know from other Viking tomb excavations that DNA analysis has shown some of the people buried in them originated from places like Persia, where Islam was very dominant.” Larsson added, however, “it is more likely these findings show that Viking age burial customs were influenced by Islamic ideas such as eternal life in paradise after death.”. Published on October 13, 2017. Ibn Fadlan’s describes the Rus as ‘perfect physical specimens, tall as date palms, blond and ruddy’. Floki, one of main characters, hears the call to prayer and appears struck by Islamic worship. There is a period, as Salim T. S. Al-Hassani notes, of 1,000 years missing from Western educational systems. Nurettin Topçu: A philosopher of morality and action, Enderun Mektebi: The Palace School of the Ottoman Empire, Jabir Ibn Hayyan is the Father of Modern Chemistry – And Here’s What He Taught the World, One of the Most Beautiful Mosques Is Located in Uzbekistan’s Blue City, Samarkand. Mvslim They are tattooed from “fingernails to neck” with dark blue or dark green “tree patterns” and other “figures.” Ibn Fadlan added that all men are armed with an axe, sword and long knife. February 14, 2018, 5:40 pm, by The television series transports viewers to the mysterious world of Viking farmers and warriors and their journeys throughout the world. May 1, 2020, 5:34 pm, Trending An engraved ring has suggested evidence of close contact between Viking Age Scandinavians and the Islamic world, more than a century after it was discovered. Ibn Khoradadbeh refers in 844 to the Vikings as Rus and describes them as merchants of slaves, fur and swords. The world of the Vikings is brought to life through the journey of Ragnar Lodbrok, the first Viking to emerge from Norse legend, and his family members. Muslims vs Vikings “And were it not for Allāh’s repelling some men with others, the earth would certainly be in a state of disorder; but Allāh is Gracious to the creatures”[1] The Ummah of the best of the Messengers, the imam of the messengers, most beloved of the Messengers, Muhammad (sallAllāhu ‘alayhi wasallam) is one which is raised in distinction by Allāh as the greatest Ummah.

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