Rumi smiled and took out a piece of paper on which were written the opening eighteen lines of his Masnavi, beginning with: Listen to the reed and the tale it tells, According to tradition, Rumi was himself a notable musician who played the robāb, although his favourite instrument was the ney or reed flute. 1993. Τα Ιστορικά 10.18–19: 3–22. You left, how can I cry now? As such, there are a number of historical personages born in or associated with Anatolia known as Rumi, a word borrowed from Arabic literally meaning 'Roman,' in which context Roman refers to subjects of the Byzantine Empire or simply to people living in or things associated with Anatolia. While still a teacher. Rumi has been described as the "most popular poet" and the "best selling poet" in the United States.. They would fill their hearts from your work and compose music to accompany it." Then I will become non-existent; non-existence says to me (in tones) like an organ, And thus on November 15, 1244, Shams Tabrizi became acquainted with him. Rumi departed from the world on 17 th December 1273 AD, in Konya, within the Seljuk Empire's territory (currently it's within Turkey). Wanderer, idolater, worshiper of fire, He brings all of those who are led astray into the Way out of the desert.". وز نما مُردم به حیوان برزدم In this journey, the seeker symbolically turns towards the truth, grows through love, abandons the ego, finds the truth and arrives at the Perfect. We will discuss the History of Rumi. , The Sufi is hanging on to Muhammad, like Abu Bakr.. Rumi probably met the philosopher ibn al-Arabi at Damascus. His full name is Jalāl ad-Dīn Muḥammad Balkhī (Persian: جلالالدین محمد بلخى) or Jalāl ad-Dīn Muḥammad Rūmī (جلالالدین محمد رومی). At the age of 18, on their way to Mecca, they were met at Nishapur by the famous Persian spiritual poet Attar. گویدم که انا الیه راجعون. Rumi married at the age of eighteen. On the first page of the Masnavi, Rumi states: "Hadha kitâbu 'l- mathnawîy wa huwa uSûlu uSûli uSûli 'd-dîn wa kashshâfu 'l-qur'ân." So he brought Shams Tabrizi to his house. I died to the mineral state and became a plant, His essence speaks through me. His shrine or green shrine in Konya is still considered a place of pilgrimage for followers of various religions, especially Muslims in Turkestan. “As Safa points out (Saf 2:1206) the Discourse reflect the stylistics of oral speech and lacks the sophisticated word plays, Arabic vocabulary and sound patterning that we would except from a consciously literary text of this period. He was a high-ranking dignitary in Konya. Nicholson’s text has 25,577 lines though the average medieval and early modern manuscripts contained around 27,000 lines, meaning the scribes added two thousand lines or about eight percent more to the poem composed by Rumi. When Mongols invaded Persia, Rumi left Persia for Konya, which was then under the Persian empire. پس عدم گردم عدم چون ارغنون  Rumi's influence transcends national borders and ethnic divisions: Iranians, Tajiks, Turks, Greeks, Pashtuns, other Central Asian Muslims, and the Muslims of the Indian subcontinent have greatly appreciated his spiritual legacy for the past seven centuries. Which had a profound effect on Rumi’s adolescence and he became fascinated with the mystery. According to the authoritative Rumi biographer Franklin Lewis of the University of Chicago, "[t]he Anatolian peninsula which had belonged to the Byzantine, or eastern Roman empire, had only relatively recently been conquered by Muslims and even when it came to be controlled by Turkish Muslim rulers, it was still known to Arabs, Persians and Turks as the geographical area of Rum. Rumi died on 17 December 1273 in Konya. His first marriage was to a woman named Gowhar Khatun in 1225. ", (Ritter, H.; Bausani, A. Jalâluddîn Rumi was born in 1207 in Balkh Persia in what is today Afghanistan. She was the one who sponsored the construction of his tomb in Konya. A Reply to Misunderstandings about Rumi and Shams by Ibrahim Gamard (1/01) You asked about the relationship between Hazrat-e Mevlana and Hz. Hast thou ever seen one leaf of a (folding) door small and the other large, or a wolf mated with the lion of the jungle? How can I cry now without eyes dear! Executive Board; 175th; UNESCO Medal in honour of Mawlana Jalal-ud-Din Balkhi-Rumi; 2006", Dar al-Masnavi Website, accessed December 2009, "Rumi Network by Shahram Shiva – The World's Most Popular Website on Rumi", ISCA—The Islamic Supreme Council of America, Kloosterman Genealogy, Jalal al-Din Muhammad Rumi, "Haber, Haberler, Güncel Haberler, Ekonomi, Dünya, Gündem Haberleri, Son Dakika, – Zaman Gazetesi", "Podcast Episode: Living Dialogues: Coleman Barks: The Soul of Rumi (Thought-Leaders in Transforming Ourselves and Our Global Community with Duncan Campbell, Visionary Conversationalist, Living Dialogues.com", tehrantimes.com, 300 dervishes whirl for Rumi in Turkey, Ma-Aarif-E-Mathnavi A commentary of the Mathnavi of Maulana Jalaluddin Rumi, The Mesnevi of Mevlâna Jelālu'd-dīn er-Rūmī. She is not dating anyone currently. This Marriage by Rumi 106–115), Franklin D. Lewis, Rumi: Past and Present, East and West: The Life, Teaching, and Poetry of Jalâl al-Din Rumi, rev. Hearing his every word, it seemed that these were not ordinary languages, but translations of every human heartbeat, the language of every human heart. There is a lot to understand and contain. by Amin Banani and Anthony A. Lee, p. 3, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFLewis2000 (, Eliza Tasbihi, "Sabzawārī’s Sharḥ-i Asrār: A Philosophical Commentary on Rūmī’s Mathnawī" in. The term مولوی Mawlawī/Mowlavi (Persian) and Mevlevi (Turkish), also of Arabic origin, meaning "my master", is also frequently used for him. This meeting had a deep impact on the eighteen-year-old Rumi and later on became the inspiration for his works. The mother of Rumi was Mu'mina Khātūn. Balkhī and Rūmī are his nisbas, meaning, respectively, "from Balkh" and "from Rûm" ('Roman,' what European history now calls Byzantine, Anatolia). In 1225, Rumi married Gowhar Khatun in Karaman. But not everyone could take this excess of Rumi’s association with Shams Tabrizi well. The Mewlānā festival is held over two weeks in December; its culmination is on 17 December, the Urs of Mewlānā (anniversary of Rumi's death), called Šabe Arūs (شب عروس) (Persian meaning "nuptial night"), the night of Rumi's union with God. They finally settled in Karaman for seven years; Rumi's mother and brother both died there. there with the spirits of the prophets merge. So the poems written by Rumi are basically the poems of Shams Tabrizi. In the West, we don’t really have a tradition of the guru/disciple relationship we see in Sufism, Tantra and other ecstatic traditions of the East. To commemorate Shams, Rumi named his first epic, Shams’s Collective Poems from the City of Tabriz. And today we will hear the story of the famous Maulana or poet Jalal Uddin Rumi, whose words cut a scar in our hearts, whose poems teach us a new definition of love, whose poems teach us not to be afraid of the Creator but to be found in love. The full name of this Director & Screenwriter is Rumi Jaffery. Poetry is a deep and meaningful way to convey the heart’s deepest feelings and Rumi’s quotes and poems are truly beautiful. His poems or writings are in fact a reflection of human expression in various mysterious and diverse experiences where people find different feelings in his daily life.  These transcendental philosophers are often studied together in traditional schools of irfan, philosophy and theosophy throughout the Muslim world.. Hadi Sabzavari, one of Iran's most important 19th-century philosophers, makes the following connection between the Masnavi and Islam, in the introduction to his philosophical commentary on the book: It is a commentary on the versified exegesis [of the Qur’ān] and its occult mystery, since all of it [all of the Mathnawī] is, as you will see, an elucidation of the clear verses [of the Qur’ān], a clarification of prophetic utterances, a glimmer of the light of the luminous Qur’ān, and burning embers irradiating their rays from its shining lamp. کل شیء هالک الا وجهه , Greater Balkh was at that time a major centre of Persian culture and Sufism had developed there for several centuries. Encyclopaedia of Islam. He also believed that love was the best way to find the Creator. One of them was Aisha, she was 9 when he married her. His father named him Jalal Uddin.  The English interpretations of Rumi's poetry by Coleman Barks have sold more than half a million copies worldwide, and Rumi is one of the most widely read poets in the United States. He does not offend anyone, and he includes everyone.... Today Rumi's poems can be heard in churches, synagogues, Zen monasteries, as well as in the downtown New York art/performance/music scene.". Because he could not stay in one place for long and be common, he could be seen in two places at the same time, so that it seemed that he could fly or change his position in the blink of an eye. Mawlânâ Jalâl ad-Dîn Muhammad Balkhî, better known as Rumi, (1207 - 1273) was born in Afghanistan but was forced into a nomadic life as a child because his family feared Mongol invasion and general political unrest. Rumi belongs to the class of Islamic philosophers which include Ibn Arabi and Mulla Sadra. His death was mourned by the diverse community of Konya, with local Christians and Jews joining the crowd that converged to bid farewell as his body was carried through the city. He was buried in Konya, and his shrine became a place of pilgrimage. On 1 May 1228, most likely as a result of the insistent invitation of 'Alā' ud-Dīn Key-Qobād, ruler of Anatolia, Baha' ud-Din came and finally settled in Konya in Anatolia within the westernmost territories of the Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm. He himself went out searching for Shams and journeyed again to Damascus. His poems are an explosion of different emotions. They have two sons – Sultan Walad and Alauddin Chalabi. It is not possible to mold Rumi’s thoughts or ideas in any specific way. His first marriage was to Gawhar (“Pearl”), whom he had known since childhood. With the foundation of the modern, secular Republic of Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk removed religion from the sphere of public policy and restricted it exclusively to that of personal morals, behaviour and faith. Go on! (2008): "Three poems have bits of demotic Greek; these have been identified and translated into French, along with some Greek verses of Sultan Valad. Rumi was also overwhelmed when he met Shams Tabrizi.  Music, especially that of the ney, plays an important part in the Mevlevi. They have two sons – Sultan Walad and Alauddin Chalabi. Ours is not a caravan of despair.. It was his meeting with the dervish Shams-e Tabrizi on 15 November 1244 that completely changed his life.  His poems have been widely translated into many of the world's languages and transposed into various formats. Rumi's works are written mostly in Persian, but occasionally he also used Turkish, Arabic, and Greek in his verse. As respects to hunting through the treasure-trove of the Qur’ān, one can find in it [the Mathnawī] all [the Qur’ān’s] ancient philosophical wisdom; it [the Mathnawī] is all entirely eloquent philosophy. She was named Kimia. Seyyed Hossein Nasr, "Rumi and the Sufi Tradition," in Chelkowski (ed. Jalal ad-Din is an Arabic name meaning "Glory of the Faith". Rumi married and had a son, who later wrote his biography. His love for his favorite teacher and friend makes him a poet of love and friendship. Do not cast thy glance upon my golden face, for I have iron legs.. When Rumi was 11 years old, Baha’u’llah Walad emigrated with his family and hundreds of followers to various countries in the Middle East over a dispute with the king of Balkh. (2008): "“a couple of dozen at most of the 35,000 lines of the Divan-I Shams are in Turkish, and almost all of these lines occur in poems that are predominantly in Persian”". The fresh language and rhythm of Rumi’s poems easily took place in people’s minds. C.E. There is a famous landmark in Northern India, known as Rumi Gate, situated in Lucknow (the capital of Uttar Pradesh) named for Rumi. That is why it is not possible to tie Jalal Uddin Muhammad Rumi to any particular race or group, because he speaks to the hearts of people all over the world, and he feels everything with his heart. Mewlana had been spontaneously composing ghazals (Persian poems), and these had been collected in the Divan-i Kabir or Diwan Shams Tabrizi. . Jalāl ad-Dīn Muhammad Rūmī (Persian: جلالالدین محمد رومی), also known as Jalāl ad-Dīn Muhammad Balkhī (جلالالدین محمد بلخى), Mevlânâ/Mawlānā (مولانا, "our master"), Mevlevî/Mawlawī (مولوی, "my master"), and more popularly simply as Rumi (30 September 1207 – 17 December 1273), was a 13th-century Persian poet, Hanafi faqih, Islamic scholar, Maturidi theologian, and Sufi mystic originally from Greater Khorasan in Greater Iran. Rumi married the daughter of Salauddin Jacob to his eldest son. Jalāl al-Dīn Rūmī (Maulana), Ibrahim Gamard, Aḥmad of Niǧde's "al-Walad al-Shafīq" and the Seljuk Past, A.C.S.  Also in that year, Iran held a Rumi Week from 26 October to 2 November. , As Edward G. Browne noted, the three most prominent mystical Persian poets Rumi, Sanai and Attar were all Sunni Muslims and their poetry abounds with praise for the first two caliphs Abu Bakr and Umar ibn al-Khattāb. Dedes, D. 1993. , I am the servant of the Qur'an as long as I have life.  In 1974, the Whirling Dervishes were permitted to travel to the West for the first time. He achieved Graduated from the st. xavier’s college, university of mumbai degree. I have been looking for myself!. On the night of 5 December 1248, as Rumi and Shams were talking, Shams was called to the back door. Rumi's poetry forms the basis of much classical Iranian and Afghan music. When his wife died, Rumi married again and had a son, Amir Alim Chalabi, and a daughter, Malakeh Khatun. Peacock, Anatolian Studies, Vol. Often he would become distracted while composing poems or songs. Die griechischen Verse in Rabâbnâma. Shortly after his death, Rumi succeeded him at the age of 25, and gradually he became known as Maulvi Sahib or Maulana Sahib. ), Scholars of other Sunni Islamic schools of jurisprudence, Contemporary Persian and Classical Persian are the same language, but writers since 1900 are classified as contemporary. By Claire This week's ceremony reading is our second offering from this iconic Persian poet, it's This Marriage by Rumi. در شیوهی عشق خویش و بیگانه یکی است " He was also known as "Mullah of Rum" (ملای روم mullā-yi Rūm or ملای رومی mullā-yi Rūmī)..  Rumi's poetry is displayed on the walls of many cities across Iran, sung in Persian music, and read in school books.. The centre for the Mevlevi was in Konya. Married Gevher Khatun and finally moved to Qonya (Konya) in the north-western provinces of Persia (in present day Turkey). Drink the wine of the Beloved! So, he said, “I was looking for the Creator. ed. A voice said to him, "What will you give in return?" He was born either in Wakhsh, a village on the Vakhsh River in present-day Tajikistan, or in the city of Balkh, in present-day Afghanistan. It is the aim of the Mawlana Rumi Review to redress this carelessly inattentive approach to world literature, which is something far more serious than a minor faux pas committed by the Western literary imagination.". 315–317), we may still say that he spoke and wrote in Persian as a native language, wrote and conversed in Arabic as a learned "foreign" language and could at least get by at the market in Turkish and Greek (although some wildly extravagant claims have been made about his command of Attic Greek, or his native tongue being Turkish) (Lewis 2008:xxi). His father's friend Burhan al-Din arrived and for nine years taught Rumi Sufism. According to the Quran, Prophet Muhammad is a mercy sent by God to the Alamin (to all worlds), including humanity overall.  Iranian musician Shahram Nazeri was awarded the Légion d'honneur and Iran's House of Music Award in 2007 for his renowned works on Rumi masterpieces. Sometimes a shoemaker, sometimes a goldsmith would become his intimate friend. He understands that there is so much more to life than just the faith he lived in.  For example, Professor Franklin Lewis of the University of Chicago, author of the most complete biography on Rumi, has separate sections for the hagiographical biography of Rumi and the actual biography about him. ― Rumi Jalalud-Din ... “The married pair must match one another: look at a pair of shoes or boots. 2310. I am the same as So innumerable people of all religions and castes attended his janaza. Bianquis, C.E. Rumi, however, asserts the supremacy of Islam by stating: "The Light of Muhammad has become a thousand branches (of knowledge), a thousand, so that both this world and the next have been seized from end to end. The marriage produced two male children, Baha al-Din Muhammad-i Walad (popularly known as Sultan Walad) and Ala-eddin Chalabi. He mingled with people of all levels. در مذهب او کعبه و بتخانه یکی است, On the seeker’s path, wise men and fools are one. On 13 December 1925, a law was passed closing all the tekkes (dervish lodges) and zāwiyas (chief dervish lodges), and the centres of veneration to which visits (ziyārat) were made. When his father died, Rumi took over his position as sheikh of the religious school in the community and continued his father’s practices of preaching, teaching, observing religious rites and practices, and ministering to the poor. Bosworth, "Turkmen Expansion towards the west" in UNESCO History of Humanity, Volume IV, titled "From the Seventh to the Sixteenth Century", UNESCO Publishing / Routledge, p. 391: "While the Arabic language retained its primacy in such spheres as law, theology and science, the culture of the Seljuk court and secular literature within the sultanate became largely Persianized; this is seen in the early adoption of Persian epic names by the Seljuk rulers (Qubād, Kay Khusraw and so on) and in the use of Persian as a literary language (Turkmen must have been essentially a vehicle for everyday speech at this time). "ḎJ̲alāl al-Dīn Rūmī b. Bahāʾ al-Dīn Sulṭān al-ʿulamāʾ Walad b. Ḥusayn b. Aḥmad Ḵh̲aṭībī." He was buried in Konya next to his father. Scholars from twenty-nine countries attended the events, and 450 articles were presented at the conference. He did not marry anyone else while he was married to her, they were married for 25 years untill her death in 619 AD. In the Mevlevi tradition, samāʿ represents a mystical journey of spiritual ascent through mind and love to the Perfect One. His various ghazals and four-line poems reflect different levels of his love for Shams.  In regards to this, Rumi states: "The Light of Muhammad does not abandon a Zoroastrian or Jew in the world. It is undeniable that Rumi was a Muslim scholar and took Islam seriously. Everything perishes except His Face, Rather, as Meier has shown, it was in the small town of Wakhsh north of the Oxus that Baha'uddin Walad, Jalaluddin's father, lived and worked as a jurist and preacher with mystical inclinations. Following this dance, Sultan Walad later performed a special dance in honor of his father, in which one person is placed in the center as a metaphor for Rumi and the others revolve around him, as the planets revolve around the sun. At first, he could not believe that Shams Tabrizi was dead. Rumi encouraged Sama, listening to music and turning or doing the sacred dance. Some manuscripts give as many as 32,000! On September 30, 1206, a small child was born to Sultan ul Ulama, Baha Uddin Walad, and Muimina Khatun in the city of Balkh (present-day Afghanistan) on the Anatolian Peninsula. The key personal event in Rumi’s life was clearly his meeting and friendship with the Sufi dervish Shams-e Tabrizi in the years 1244–1248. Rumi. And the beginning of his poetry came after this injury. پس چه ترسم کی ز مردن کم شدم؟ Nonetheless, the depth of his spiritual vision extended beyond narrow understanding sectarian concerns. Since his father was a famous ulama and jurist of that time, Rumi had the opportunity to acquire in-depth knowledge of various aspects of Islamic scriptures from an early age. , Also on 30 September 2007, Turkey celebrated Rumi’s eight-hundredth birthday with a giant Whirling Dervish ritual performance of the samāʿ, which was televised using forty-eight cameras and broadcast live in eight countries. , One of the greatest living authorities on Rûmî in Persia today, Hâdî Hâ'irî, has shown in an unpublished work that some 6,000 verses of the Dîwân and the Mathnawî are practically direct translations of Qur'ânic verses into Persian poetry. , "I "sewed" my two eyes shut from [desires for] this world and the next – this I learned from Muhammad.". As the then king of Konya was his student, he was often considered higher than the king. p. 293, Franklin Lewis, Rumi: Past and Present, East and West, Oneworld Publications, 2008 (revised edition). In the West Shahram Shiva has been teaching, performing and sharing the translations of the poetry of Rumi for nearly twenty years and has been instrumental in spreading Rumi's legacy in the English-speaking parts of the world. When Rumi and Shams met the second time, they fell at each other’s feet. In truth, the pearly verse of the poem combines the Canon Law of Islam (sharīʿa) with the Sufi Path (ṭarīqa) and the Divine Reality (ḥaqīqa); the author’s [Rūmī] achievement belongs to God in his bringing together of the Law (sharīʿa), the Path, and the Truth in a way that includes critical intellect, profound thought, a brilliant natural temperament, and integrity of character that is endowed with power, insight, inspiration, and illumination. Again, many say that after the death of Shams Tabrizi, Rumi became Shams Tabrizi.  His first successor in the rectorship of the order was "Husam Chalabi" himself, after whose death in 1284 Rumi's younger and only surviving son, Sultan Walad (died 1312), popularly known as author of the mystical Maṭnawī Rabābnāma, or the Book of the Rabab was installed as grand master of the order. Indeed, it was so intense that when Tabrizi mysteriously disappeared, Rumi went in quest of him until he finally realized that the other whom he was seeking was, at … Related Topics: Top Popular 330 Rumi Quotes, Your email address will not be published. Brill, 2009. It was this grief of losing him that turned Rumi’s life around. but find it in the hearts of men. People and his relatives often call him Rumi. He is most commonly called Rumi in English. A selection of American author Deepak Chopra's editing of the translations by Fereydoun Kia of Rumi's love poems has been performed by Hollywood personalities such as Madonna, Goldie Hawn, Philip Glass and Demi Moore. But he did not catch Rumi because he was too young. Chopra, Iran Society, Kolkata (2007). When the Mongols invaded Central Asia sometime between 1215 and 1220, Baha ud-Din Walad, with his whole family and a group of disciples, set out westwards. Of the four canonical schools of Sunni Islam, the family adhered to the relatively liberal, H. Crane "Notes on Saldjūq Architectural Patronage in Thirteenth Century Anatolia,", Franklin Lewis, Rumi: Past and Present, East and West, Oneworld Publications, 2008 (revised edition). Franklin Lewis: "On the question of Rumi's multilingualism (pp. The home town of this person is Mumbai, India. So he writes. From Nishapur, Walad and his entourage set out for Baghdad, meeting many of the scholars and Sufis of the city. Rumi's work has been translated into many of the world's languages, including Russian, German, Urdu, Turkish, Arabic, Bengali, French, Italian, and Spanish, and is being presented in a growing number of formats, including concerts, workshops, readings, dance performances, and other artistic creations. He is not a Prophet but has come with a book; 60. I have never become less from dying. Rumi's teachings also express the tenets summarized in the Quranic verse which Shams-e Tabrizi cited as the essence of prophetic guidance: "Know that ‘There is no god but He,’ and ask forgiveness for your sin" (Q. She did not live long and … Hussam implored Rumi to write more. An international ceremony and conference were held in Tehran; the event was opened by the Iranian president and the chairman of the Iranian parliament. By this time (c. 1228 CE), Rumi had been married twice and had three sons and a daughter. Rumi’s works have been translated to many languages across the world, including Russian, German, Urdu, Turkish, Arabic, French, Italian and Spanish.
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