by GonzÃ¡lez-Torres LR, Rankin R, Palmarola A]. Sparkes et al. The species is listed as W2 requiring that the weed must be fully and continuously suppressed and destroyed by land managers. Kalanchoe delagoensisis a perennial succulent, reproducing asexually through small plantlets borne at the ends of each leaf. Kalanchoe blossfeldiana is commonly known as Flaming Katy, Christmas Kalanchoe, Widowâs Thrill, or Florist Kalanchoe. â rodzaj roÅlin z rodziny gruboszowatych.Liczy kilkadziesiÄ t gatunków rosnÄ cych w tropikalnych obszarach na obu póÅkulach. In: 5-Year Review Short Form Summary: Remya montgomeryi (no common name) : US Fish and Wildlife Service.7 pp. In: Federal Register , 68(39) : US Fish and Wildlife Service.9116-9164. Naturalized plants from foreign country into Japan., Japan: Research Institute for Bioresources, Okayama University, Laboratory of Wild Plant Science. Fitoterapia, 61:527-534, Pal S, Chaudhuri AKN, 1991. Description. In French Polynesia, K. pinnata occurs on the mesic uplands of the island of Rurutu (Meyer, 2000) and, on the US Virgin Island of St John, it is becoming a serious weedy pest in the dry scrub (Ting, 1989). Journal of Plant Physiology, 137:259-267, McKenzie RA, Armstrong TR, 1986. Biovigyanam, 15(1):51-53, Raponda-Walker A, Sillans R, 1961. In: Plant parasitic nematodes of the Pacific. Plant parasitic nematodes of the Pacific. CAM was first described from K. pinnata (for a review, see Kluge and Ting, 1978). Anatomical and developmental studies of the foliar embryos of Bryophyllum calycinum. This occurs both in the laboratory and field situations (Luettge et al., 1991) and is likely to facilitate the occupation of ecological niches where such changes frequently occur (Kluge et al., 1993).Reproductive BiologyK. In Africa, India and South America it is used for the treatment of insect bites, wounds, ulcers, abscesses and burns, inflammations, swellings and discolorations (Safford, 1905; Kirtikar and Basu, 1935; Dalziel, 1937; Dastur, 1951; Chopra et al., 1956; Boakye-Yiadom, 1977); rheumatic afflictions, erysipelas and boils (Quisumbing, 1951); smallpox, diarrhoea, dysentery, lithiasis and phthisis (Nadkarni, 1954); whitlow (Gaind and Gupta, 1971) and cholera (Siddiqui et al., 1989); mange, and as a cold remedy, especially for small children (Raponda-Walker and Sillans, 1961); bronchitis (Quisumbing, 1951); as a diuretic (Oliver-Bayer, 1986); conjunctivitis, earache and sore throats (Oliver-Bayer, 1986); and in the induction of labour and the removal of ovarian cysts (Onwuliri and Anekwe, 1992). In: Determination of Endangered Status for 48 Species on Kauai and designation of Critical Habitat: Final Rule : US Fish and Wildlife Service.i + 205 pp. (Manual de identificaciÃ³n y manejo de malezas en GalÃ¡pagos)., Puerto Ayora, Galapagos, Charles Darwin Research Station. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology, 37:229-236, Siddiqui S, Faizi S, Siddiqui BS, Sultana N, 1989. vi + 601 pp. 524-528. Succulent and Xerophytic Plants of Madagascar. Bioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry, 64(6):1310-1312; 8 ref, Swarbrick JT, 1997. Technical Paper - South Pacific Commission, No. K. pinnata is recognized as a threat to island ecosystems by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER, 2004). 1192 pp. Determination of Endangered Status for 48 Species on Kauai and designation of Critical Habitat: Final Rule. The leaf-blade is elliptic, 5-25 cm long and 2-7 cm wide with the apex obtuse to truncate, sometimes obscurely so. The genus has a very wide distribution area. 2010i, US Fish and Wildlife Service, A preliminary review of the invasive plants in the Pacific Islands (SPREP Member Countries). It was not collected on other Kalanchoe species surveyed in the field and is considered a potential biological control agent. In west tropical Africa, the leaf juice is fed into a newborn infant's mouth, while an infusion is drunk by the child and the mother (Dalziel, 1937). The allelochemicals have been identified as p-hydroxybenzoic-, protocatechuic-, gallic-, p-coumaric and coffeic acid (Bär et al., 1997). Allahbad, India: Lalit Mohan Basu, Kluge M, Brulfert J, 1996. In Madagascar, K. pinnata is found in temperate and subhumid climates which receive between 1000 and 2000 mm of rain per annum (Paulian, 1984). The Plant List includes a further 71 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Kalanchoe.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Back toÂ Browse Succulents by Genus. Recovery Plan for Oahu Plants. Report to the Government of the Cook Islands on Invasive Plant Species of Environmental Concern. Studies on the anti-ulcer activity of a Bryophyllum pinnatum leaf extract in experimental animals. Useful plants of India and Pakistan: a popular handbook of trees and plants of industrial, economic and commercial utility. In Singapore, the juice is given as a febrifuge (Burkill, 1935). The juice from the leaves of K. pinnata exhibited histamine-blocking activity (Nassis et al., 1992). The leaves of the inflorescence are similar to the foliage leaves but smaller, lower, 3- to 5-foliate, simple above and on the ultimate branch. (Pteridophyta y Spermatophyta.) Aphthona sp. In: Flora of China 8 (Brassicaceae through Saxifragaceae), [ed. Schiedea hookeri (no common name). (Kalanchoe (Crassulacees) de Madagascar). In: Leistner OA, ed. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2011. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Vegetative propagule organs arise from dormant meristem derivatives. These remain dormant until conditions are favourable for plantlet formation (Yarbrough, 1932). Scientific name: Common names: Kalanchoe blossfeldiana Poelin. Holm LG, Pancho JK, Herberger JP, Plunkett PL, 1991. New York, USA: Cambridge University Press, DAISIE, 2013. New insecticidal bufadienolide, bryophyllin C, from Kalanchoe pinnata. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 107:15-34, Batygina TB, Bragina EA, Titova GE, 1996. http://www.univ-savoie.fr/labos/ldea/FloHy/infos.html, Enomoto T, 2001. Morphogenesis of propagules in viviparous species Bryophyllum daigremontianum and B. calycinum. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2011. In: Kulu`i (Nototrichium humile). 5-Year Review, Short Form Summary: Species Reviewed: Schiedea membranacea (no common name). US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2010. 1-295. Liepzig, Germany, 352-483, Boakye-Yiadom K, 1977. â cathedral bells P Enter a scientific or common name at any rank. Guanica Dry forest, Puerto Rico. by Boggan J, Funk V, Kelloff C, Hoff M, Cremers G, Feuillet C]. A checklist of the trees, shrubs, herbs, and climbers of Myanmar. Seventh Conference of Plant Embryologists of Czech Republic, Slovakia and Poland. Sparkes et al. http://www.theplantlist.org/, Ting IP, 1989. Fitoterapia, 71:193-194, Allan Herbarium, 2000. Havana, Cuba: Academia de Ciencias de Cuba, 241 pp, Adams CD, 1972. Lechevalier P, ed. Recent studies circumscribe the family Crassulaceae into three sub-families: Crassuloideae, Kalanchoideae and Sempervivoideae (Ham and 't Hart, 1998; Mort et al., 2001; Stevens, 2012). Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Kalanchoe is a genus of succulent flowering plants in the family Crassulaceae. Australian Veterinary Journal, 72(11):425-427; 11 ref, Safford W, 1905. Invasive plants in Cuba. Human Ecology, 30:281-299, Berger A, 1930. Schiedea spergulina var. + appendices. American Journal of Botany, 19:443-453. Washington DC, USA: Department of Biological Diversity of the Guianas Program, NMNH, Smithsonian Institution. London, UK; New York, USA: Macmillan Press, Izaguirre-Mayoral ML, Carballo O, Gil F, 1990. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 29:245-266, Nadkarni A, 1954. Madagascar Key Environments. In: Flora Zambesiaca, 7 3-74. Malabar, Florida: Krieger Publishing Co, Houck DF, Rieseberg LH, 1983. Invasion of sandy beachfronts by ornamental plant species in Queensland. In: Recovery Plan for Oahu Plants : US Fish and Wildlife Service.207 pp. Ting I P, 1989. In vitro modification of regeneration in foliar embryos of Bryophyllum calycinum Salisb. Crassulaceae. This is an ecophysiological adaptation to arid or other water-stressed environments. Medicinal plants in the Atlantic Forest (Brazil): knowledge, use, and conservation. Kalanchoe thyrsiflora (also known as paddle plant, flapjacks, desert cabbage, white lady, geelplakkie, meelplakkie, or plakkie ) is a species of flowering plant native to Botswana, Lesotho, South Africa and Swaziland. Candollea, 30:177-188, Gaind KN, Gupta RL, 1971. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. The ethyl acetate extract also showed appreciable antimutagenic activity (Obaseiki-Ebor et al., 1993). Sterols of Kalanchoe pinnata: First report of the isolation of both C-24 epimers of 24-alkyl-DELTA-25-sterols from a higher plant. In: Groves RH, Panetta FD, Virtue JG, eds. Baill. Kensington, Australia: NSW University Press. In: Phyllostegia mollis (no common name). A Dictionary of the Economic Products of the Malay Peninsula, Volumes 1 and 2. Rehabilitation du genre Bryophyllum Salisb. USDA-ARS, 2004. Noteworthy Characteristics. Solanum sandwicense (Popolo 'aiakeakua). The Plant List Version 1. Space JC, Waterhouse BM, Miles JE, Tiobech J, Rengulbai K, 2003. In: Urera kaalae (opuhe). Lipids, 26:660-665, Akinpelu DA, 2000. Kunjun F, Gilbert MG, 2001. In: Tetramolopium filiforme (no common name). The lower surface is sulcate, often spotted with reddish-brown margins near the apex and with 3 to 9 conical teeth between which spoon-shaped bulbils are produced. viridifolia (Pies from Heaven) is a form of Kalanchoe rhombopilosa with very thick, wider deep or fresh green…, Kalanchoe beauverdii (Beauverd's Widow's-thrill) is a climber with branching, gray, wiry stems that clamber and twine and hold green to…, Kalanchoe thyrsiflora (Paddle Plant) is a succulent plant often confused with Kalanchoe luciae. In: Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias (hongos, plantas y animales terrestres) [ed. Lipids 26(8):660-665. 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation : US Fish and Wildlife Service.20 pp. Schiedea apokremnos (maolioli). Their bloom time is incredibly long for a houseplant. Nadkarniâs Indian Materia Medica. GonzÃ¡lez-Torres LR, Rankin R, Palmarola A, 2012. http://www.fleppc.org/list/11list.html, Forster PI, 1985. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 33:97-102, Pal S, Chaudhuri AKN, 1992. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2004. Kalanchoe pinnata Kalanchoe daigremontiana 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation : US Fish and Wildlife Service.28 pp. Space J, Flynn T, 2001. Flora of Taiwan, 3:12, Luettge U, Ball E, Fetene M, Medina E, 1991. 2009a, US Fish and Wildlife Service, The extract produced a significant inhibition of carrageenan-induced paw oedema, a significant reduction in cotton pellet granuloma in rats, an inhibition of acetic acid induced writhing in mice, and a significant dose-dependent reduction of yeast-induced pyrexia (Olajide et al., 1998). Carbon isotope ratios of the biomass of a plant are a convenient method for obtaining information about the frequency and variability of photosynthetic carbon assimilation pathways (Kluge et al., 1993). by Witt, A., Luke, Q.]. Flora Himalaya Database. 2011a, Phyllostegia mollis (Waianae Range phyllostegia), US Fish and Wildlife Service, Cytotaxonomic studies in the subfamilies Crassuloideae, Kalanchoideae, and Cotyledonoideae of the Crassulaceae. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 1998. Wallingford, UK: CABI.vi + 601 pp. It has naturalized widely in the tropics where it has become invasive in many countries. University of the West Indies, 267, Akihisa T, Kokke WCMC, Tamura T, Matsumoto T, 1991. A Geographical Atlas of World Weeds., Malabar, Florida, Krieger Publishing Co. Kress WJ, Defilipps RA, Farr E, Kyi DYY, 2003. http://www.europe-aliens.org/, Dobremez JF, Shakya PR, Camaret S, Vigny F, Eynard-Machet R, 2002. Kalanchoe daigremontiana: Mother of Thousands (or Mother of Millions, depending on how many babies she has) with spotted but spear shaped leaves outlined with baby plants.. Kalanchoe 'Butterfly Wings' is a beautiful red to purple clone of Kalanchoe daigremontiana. The leaves are simple, usually ternate, sub-cylindrical, up to 6 inches (15 cm) long, and up to 0.2 inches (0.5 cm) wide. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.5. As plantlets fall to the ground, they rapidly colonize the surrounding area.Accidental Introduction Meaning Kalanchoe plant â¦ Li HL, Liu TS, Huang TC, Koyama T, DeVol CE, 1977. Most of the species interesting to collectors are coming from Madagascar or South Africa. A few of the chromosomes are markedly smaller than the rest so the haploid number could be interpreted as n=17+3 or n=18+2. It belongs to the Crassulaceae family and it is closely related to the jade plant. The effects of various herbicides on Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Final Designation or Nondesignation of Critical Habitat for 95 Plant Species From the Islands of Kauai and Niihau, HI; Final Rule. Phytochemistry 11(4):1500-1502. Observations on invasive plant species in American Samoa., Honolulu, USA: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. American Journal of Botany, 85(1):123-134, Henson IE, Wareing PF, 1977. The family Crassulaceae includes about 34 genera and 1400 species distributed mostly in arid and dry regions in Mexico, Africa (Cape region), South America and Australia (Stevens, 2012). Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Taking cuttings from the flaming katy and propagating them (easily done) will allow a grower to create new plants and provide a higher chance of seeing more flowers if the parent plant decides it no longer wants to produce more (it's easier than being concerned about the parent re-flowering). Many Kalanchoe species show a high phenotypic variability in CAM expression with water relations, light intensity, photoperiod and the diel temperature regime being major modulating factors (Kluge and Brulfert, 1996). Pers. 3 other plants in the family Crassulaceae that can sometimes be confused with Kalanchoes: Echeveria hybrid (left); Aeonium nobile (right) and Crassula cotyledonis (below) My introduction to Kalanchoes was with an infamous plant, one of whose common names is Mother of Thousands. Urera kaalae (opuhe). 12 (2), 387-406. Flora of New South Wales 1. Response to irradiance and supply of nitrogen and water. Micronesica, 15:222, Friedmann F, 1971. These species are Bryophyllum rubellum and B. proliferum. Identification of waxes from the leaves of Kalanchoe pinnata. In: 5-Year Review, Short Form Summary: Species Reviewed: Pritchardia napaliensis (loulu palm) : US Fish and Wildlife Service.10 pp. Bryophyllum. Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, 36:1615-1617, Yarbrough JA, 1932. In: Plantas indeseables en los cultivos cubanos. In host range trials, Alcidodes sedi could complete its development on a number of Bryophyllum and Kalanchoe species but failed to develop on other related species in the Crassulaceae (ABR Witt, ARC-PPRI, South Africa, unpublished data, 2004). 1692 pp. Indian Medicinal Plants. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. by Polhill RM]. Crassulaceae. 5-Year Review, Short Form Summary: Species Reviewed: Pteralyxia kauaiensis (kaulu). This is supported by studies on endogenous levels of these hormones (Henson and Wareing, 1977), as well as cytokinin promotion and auxin inhibition of budding when applied exogenously to K. pinnata (Mohan Ram, 1963; Houck and Rieseberg, 1983). US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2010. 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation. Naturalized plants from foreign country into Japan. 2009d, Phyllostegia renovans (red-leaf phyllostegia), US Fish and Wildlife Service, The Caiçaras Indians of Brazil use K. pinnata for the treatment of general aches, cough, bronchitis, influenza, pneumonia and dermatitis (Begossi et al., 2002). In: 5-Year Review, Short Form Summary: Xylosma crenatum (no common name) : US Fish and Wildlife Service.7 pp. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la RepÃºblica de Cuba - 2011). Bailey (1885) mentions it in his census of the Brisbane Botanic Garden and Bowen Park (the garden of the Queensland Acclimatisation Society), Australia, which is an indication that it was utilized more than 100 years ago as a garden ornamental in Australia. Rotterdam/Boston, AA Balkema. Observations on invasive plant species in American Samoa. 2009c, http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, http://www.mnh.si.edu/biodiversity/bdg/planthtml/index.html, http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html, http://www.univ-savoie.fr/labos/ldea/FloHy/infos.html, http://server.rib.okayama-u.ac.jp/wild/index.html, http://mobot.mobot.org/W3T/Search/vast.html, http://scisun.nybg.org:8890/searchdb/owa/wwwspecimen.searchform, http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.htm, http://www.hear.org/pier/pdf/palau_report.pdf, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. Crassulacean acid metabolism in the genus Kalanchoe: ecological, physiological and biochemical aspects. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag, Kress WJ, Defilipps RA, Farr E, Kyi DYY, 2003. 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation. AcuÃ±a G J, 1974. 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation : US Fish and Wildlife Service.19 pp. Allan Herbarium, 2000. Pers in Nudgee Wetlands Reserve, Queensland. Flexibility of crassulacean acid metabolism in Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Broome R, Sabir K, Carrington S, 2007. http://www.cabi.org/cabebooks/ebook/20173158959 doi:10.1079/9781786392145.0000, Yamagishi T, Haruna M, Yan XZ, Chang JJ, Lee KH, 1989. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. by Sherley G]. Phytotherapy Research, 17:801-803, Tye A, 2001. Bryophyllin B, a novel potent cytotoxic bufadienolide from Bryophyllum pinnatum. Kalanchoe isometric virus (KIV) was identified in crude sap of K. pinnata plants showing a mild mosaic on the leaves (Izaguirre-Mayoral et al., 1990). Acevedo-RodrÃguez P, Strong M T, 2012. Invasive plant problems and requirements for weed risk assessment in the Galapagos Islands. Pteridophyta and Spermatophyta. Kalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells); leaves. On the island of St John, US Virgin Islands, K. pinnata forms dense stands crowding out native herbaceous vegetation (Ting, 1989), and in the Galapagos Islands, K. pinnata not only replaces the herb layer with a monospecific stand, but forms a dense carpet that inhibits the regeneration of the shrub and tree layers (Tye, 2001). K. pinnata is a succulent glabrous glaucous perennial shrub 0.3-2 m high, with cylindrical erect, little-branched stems suckering at the base. GeneticsKalanchoe species in their Madagascan native range have shown a haploid chromosome number of n=17 except for K. pinnata which has 2n=40 (Taylor, 1926; Baldwin, 1938; Uhl, 1948; Friedmann, 1971). www.europe-aliens.org, Dalziel JM, 1937. Correll DS, Correll HB, 1982. In Queensland, Australia, it is most commonly associated with loamy sand, alluvial soils, clay loams and skeletal soils (Queensland Herbarium database, Brisbane Botanic Gardens, Australia, 1999) and where soil moisture persists with surface organic matter.K. D. B. Taraporevala Sons & Co. Ltd., 210 Hornby Rd., Bombay. Root and shoot initiation occurs 9 and 12 days after leaf detachment, respectively (Sawhney et al., 1994).Batygina et al. genuina Raym.-Hamet, Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Subphylum: Angiospermae, Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Class: Dicotyledonae, Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Order: Rosales, Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Family: Crassulaceae, Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Genus: Kalanchoe, Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Species: Kalanchoe pinnata, Highly adaptable to different environments, Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately, Difficult to identify/detect as a commodity contaminant. UK: Commonwealth Institute of Helminthology (on behalf of SPEC/UNDP/FAO/CAB). http://www.cabi.org/cabebooks/ebook/20173158959 DOI:10.1079/9781786392145.0000, Julissa Rojas-Sandoval, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA, Pedro Acevedo-Rodríguez, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA. pinnata cannot withstand trampling by animals and therefore only tends to thrive on rock piles and along fence lines in pastures.Associations Neuropsychopharmacological profile of the methanolic fraction of Bryophyllum pinnatum leaf extract. Orton Williams K J, 1980. + appendices. New Delhi, India: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Correll DS, Correll HB, 1982. Genetic studies (Gehrig et al., 1997, 2001) and examination of the relative extent of utilization of CAM (Kluge et al., 1991; Kluge et al., 1993) support the differentiation of Bryophyllum and Kalanchoe. Four species of Kalanchoe, including K. pinnata were responsible for 41 recorded poisoning incidents affecting 379 cattle in Queensland, Australia, between 1960 and 1984 (McKenzie and Armstrong, 1986). US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2009. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using.
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