Slang words derived from schizophrenic and generally used inaccurately, to mean “of two minds.” Instead of using schizophrenia (or its derivatives) to describe something other than the illness, find other words. For more information on mental illness, see the National Institute for Mental Health. Can be written as deadname or dead name. It remained the standard term between the 17th-19th centuries and was used by prominent black American campaigners such as W. E. B. DuBois and Booker T. Washington in the early 20th century. As the colonies grew, the demand for slave labor also increased. [According to 100 Questions & Answers About Arab Americans, this practice of veiling varies by region and class. Arguably the most influential work of fiction on modern journalism. Hinduism: Hindus have no formal clergy but do have spiritual teachers, or gurus. The title of lama generally precedes a name; rinpoche, sensei and roshi generally follow the name, but practice varies, especially in the United States. Swaziland South Asian: This collective term refers to people from Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Afghanistan, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal and Sri Lanka. Full-time workers are called special pioneers. ADD and ADHD refer to attention-deficit disorder and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, respectively. The modern Jewish state of Israel was established in 1948. Columbia Journalism Review, 2015 In recent years, mehndi has gained attention in the West as a result of its use by Western pop stars and actresses. [It refers to a person of Indian, Pakistani or Bangladeshi birth or descent who lives abroad] and implies shared values or bonds. The European Age of Exploration that began in the 16th century led, for good and ill, to the subjugation of less technologically advanced peoples as European colonies. Material in brackets [ ] was added to the original source’s definition. Based on studies, news reports and style guides, as well as interviews with more than 50 […] Indian women wear mehndi for special occasions such as weddings. Historically used to selectively persecute gay people, the state laws often referred to as "sodomy laws" were ruled unconstitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court in Lawrence v. Texas (2003). Members of a political and religious movement among blacks in Jamaica and several other countries. Spain held Puerto Rico as a colony for more than 400 years and ceded it to the United States in 1898 at the end of the Spanish-American War. "Most Alaskans continue to accept the name 'Eskimo' particularly because 'Inuit' refers only to the Inupiat of northern Alaska, the Inuit of Canada, and the Kalaallit of Greenland," according to the language center's website, "and it is not a word in the Yupik languages of Alaska and Siberia." “Victim” is also “a noun which identifies a person solely according to what someone did to them; it conveys nothing about what they did to resist or respond, or anything about any other identity they may have. On fluttered folk and wild-- Although linguistically and culturally classified as Arabs, many Copts consider themselves to be ethnically distinct from other Egyptians. Transgender people may be straight, lesbian, gay, or bisexual. It is not surprising then that in 1798, in anticipation of a possible war with France, the U.S. Congress passed the Alien and Sedition Acts, which restricted "aliens" and curtailed press freedoms. On subsequent references to Protestant clerics, use just the last name. The term originated among Black men but has attained wider use. The Central Intelligence Agency's 2013-14 World Factbook lists the following as "developing countries": Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Aruba, The Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cabo Verde, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Cyprus, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Federated States of Micronesia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, UAE, Uganda, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe. "4 Reasons Why We’ve Got to Stop Using ‘Ethnic’ to Describe People of Color," Everyday Feminism, July 1, 2016 A term from 19th-century America, specifically for Chinese workers who worked for small wages building the transcontinental railroad. If the person uses terms you don't know, ask them to explain each so you're sure to use it correctly. However, it persists in many traditional villages and communities. See Sikhism. See slavery. The Bahá’í Faith is a monotheistic religion. She experiences symptoms of psychosis is preferable to she is psychotic; he is living with bipolar disorder is preferable to he is bipolar; and she has autism is preferable to she is autistic. See gender-neutral pronouns for alternatives to standard gendered pronouns. Engaging in more than one consensual intimate relationship at a time, or being non-monogamous. The largest Methodist denomination and the second-largest Protestant body in the United States. LGBT is an abbreviation for “lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender.” Useful in headlines and short ledes, but should be explained in the first or in an early reference. Section, district or quarter may also be used. In the same month the Recording Academy — the parent organization of the Grammy Awards — announced that it would rename the "Best Urban Contemporary Album" category "Best Progressive R&B Album" and rename "Best Rap/Sung Performance" category to "Best Melodic Rap Album.". Those bills have not advanced. Be sure the description is properly attributed. When referring to a local Black person in a leadership position, state the organization that he or she belongs to. Do not use either term to describe a persons dwelling. This activity is a form of gender expression, and not done for entertainment purposes. Some Black people do not identify as African American. However, prominent mental health organizations such as NINDS, the Mayo Clinic, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, as well as the Tourette Syndrome Association refer to it as Tourette syndrome. Service animals are trained animals, mostly dogs, which provide services to people with disabilities. Both are ethnic conflicts or civil wars. Use recovering to refer to someone with the disease of addiction, as in someone recovering from alcoholism. A higher-level mujtahid is a marja, the most educated of whom are called ayatollahs. Algeria Do not use OCD as an adjective for someone who obsesses over certain things but has not been formally diagnosed as having OCD. They are often called Gypsies (or Gipsies) but that term has negative connotations of illegal activity and many Roma don't identify with it. Hindus believe that all living beings have souls, and some are revered as manifestations of God. The festival of Eid al-Adha occurs at the end of hajj. The guide is not available on the Internet, but is quoted widely, as in this article from Adoptive Families Association of British Columbia. Japanese Americans interned during World War II have received $1.6 billion in reparations and a formal apology from the U.S. government. Many different types of professionals may work with individuals who are experiencing mental health challenges, including psychiatrists, psychologists, psychotherapists, social workers, marriage and family therapists and others. The necessity of a psychiatric diagnosis remains controversial, as both psychiatric and medical authorities recommend individualized medical treatment through hormones and/or surgeries to treat gender dysphoria. We ask that the term "Mormons" not be used. It commemorates the Jews’ escape from slavery in Egypt as described in the book of Exodus, and it features special foods and the reading of the Haggadah, a compilation of biblical passages, prayers, hymns and rabbinic literature. Today, many manga characters have big heads and large expressive eyes. Individual congregations are called wards. Specify American Sign Language on first reference, capitalizing all three words. Niger Do not use the word idol as a synonym. Mencken coined the phrase in 1925 while reporting on the Scopes Trial in Tennessee. DiversityStyleGuide-GoogleDocs. Never use the word The “A" in LGBTQIA may also refer to “ally" or “allied," meaning someone who does not identify as LGBTQIA but supports those who do. The full name was given by revelation from God to Joseph Smith in 1838. To lead prayers, one does not have to be a cleric. See intelligent design. Essence and Ebony magazines, The Chicago Defender and many other publications serving African-American communities had capitalized Black for years.] On second reference, use only the person’s last name. Many still consider it a slur, no matter the spelling. New diversity style guide helps journalists write with authority and accuracy about a complex, multicultural world. Archbishop may be replaced by the Most Rev. Transgender, genderqueer and other people who step outside the male-female gender paradigm often adopt new pronouns for themselves. Rachele Kanigel: OK, so the Diversity Style Guide, which is a website and a book of the same name, is a guide to help journalists think about language and maneuver through the changing media landscape. Amputation refers to the removal of a bodily extremity, usually during a surgical operation, for a variety of reasons. Example: The doctor said he was retarded, a term widely used at the time. Do not confuse Hindi with Hindu, which is a religious designation. A companion to the online resource of the same name, The Diversity Style Guide raises the consciousness of journalists who strive to be accurate. In recent centuries popes have resided more often at the Vatican, which is built around St. Peter’s Basilica. The term Modern Orthodox is accepted among Jews, but as with any movement it can encompass a wide spectrum of beliefs and behaviors so it is advisable to clarify with the subjects of a story where they see themselves within Modern Orthodoxy. Indian Country is a legal term used in Title 18 of the U.S. Code. Sharing stories of people who have sought treatment and recovered or are managing their condition successfully goes a long way toward reducing misconceptions. Avoid using as a singular noun. Note that some positions have more than one title or honorific. This language depicts sexual assault as something that happened to a person -- it doesn’t define their whole life in relation to the experience of violence. Mohammed began moving the Nation toward mainstream Sunni Islam and shunning Black separatist views. During this period, African Americans have been locked up in numbers out of proportion with crime rates. Avoid saying a person suffers from or is afflicted with the disease. In 2015 there were 326 reservations. Filipino American refers to those who share its heritage and culture. See Sikhism. Others who also push for causes, however, often are called advocates. Orthodox Christians refer to Easter as Pascha, derived from the Hebrew word for Passover. Jordan (1945) Similar guidelines apply to words like psychotic, bipolar, anorexic and OCD (obsessive-compulsive disorder). Refer to someone as having Tourette syndrome only if the information is relevant to the story and if the person has been formally diagnosed by a licensed medical professional. Among Shiites, mullahs are lower-level clergy who generally have only rudimentary religious education. Federal policy defines “Hispanic” not as a race, but as an ethnicity; it notes that Hispanics can be of any race. It can harm various parts of the body, especially the skin, joints, kidneys, lungs, brain and heart. Collective noun that refers to the more than 65,000 Christian churches that have a predominance of Black members and clerical leadership. The laws were enforced primarily in the South and were used to justify segregation for almost 80 years. For example, say: Baptists, Mormons, Presbyterians, Seventh-day Adventists and Jewish groups took part in relief efforts rather than Baptists, Presbyterians, Seventh-day Adventists and non-Christians, including Mormons and Jews, took part in relief efforts. Pronounced “DOW-ism.” A school of philosophical and religious teachings that stem from Tao. Smith said he was directed to a set of golden plates that contained a record of ancient inhabitants of the Americas who had migrated from Jerusalem. Today, it is an offensive term. An estimated 1.5 million black women gathered on Philadelphia's Benjamin Franklin Parkway for the event. Diversity Writing Style Guide. Pronounced “EED-uhl-ad-ha.” Known as the Feast of Sacrifice, it concludes the annual observance of the pilgrimage to Mecca known as hajj. Main character Uncle Tom is a pious and faithful slave sold by his master to a brutal plantation owner, who later beat Uncle Tom to death. Be aware, too, of words that use –ess and denote femaleness, such as The myth also ignores the history and ongoing experiences of discrimination these groups face and masks socioeconomic diversity within these groups. The council is headed either by the senior pastor or a lay person elected from the council. Lenten observances are most common in the liturgical traditions, such as Roman Catholicism, Orthodoxy and Anglicanism. The DREAM Act stands for Development, Relief and Education for Alien Minors. Men “on the down low” may be in relationships with women and not identify as gay or bisexual. Confucianism and Taoism, much practiced in East Asia, are ways of and guides to living. Note: Iran is not an Arab country. It is a favored color for weddings in both cultures and it is the traditional color for the bindi worn by Indian women. Saudi Arabia (1945) Federal statistical standards used by the Census and the National Center for Education Statistics, conceptualize a person's Also, because of that association, do not use Black Muslim to describe African-Americans who practice traditional Islam, whose tenets differ markedly from the Nation’s. [In 2016, President Barack Obama signed legislation (HR 4238) that replaced the term Oriental with Asian American in federal laws. Stereotype. FightDementia.org recommends avoiding the terms demented, dementing, dements, senile, or senility to refer to someone with dementia. If yes, include it for an LGBTQIA person. When referring to a drug test, state that the person tested positive for (drug). In some African countries, colored denotes those of mixed racial ancestry. Postwar immigrants from Japan are understood to be a distinct group sometimes referred to as Shin-Issei, the prefex "shin" being "new" in Japanese. As with any other area of sensitivity like this, please ask the individual how they prefer to be referred to and use this language as much as possible.